Official Name: The Republic  Of Turkey

Capital City : Ankara

Largest Cities : İstanbul, Ankara, İzmir, Adana, Antalya, Konya, Bursa, Kayseri, Samsun, Trabzon, Erzurum, Eskişehir, Kocaeli, Diyarbakır, Sakarya, Mersin, Gaziantep.

Area : 814.578 km

Coastal Length : 7.200 km

CoastalBorders : Mediterranean Sea at south; Aegean Sea at west; Black Sea at north

Language : Turkish

Neighboring Countries : Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Greece, Georgia, Iraq, Armenia, Iran, Syria

Currency : 1 € = 2,37 TL (Turkish Lira), 1 $ = 1,78 TL

Population : 74.724.000 (31 December 2011)

The Number of Cities : 81

Population Growth Rate : % 1,2

Life Expectancy : 73,7 (Male: 76,1 – Female: 71,5)

Time Zone : GMT +2; CET +1

Office Hours : InTurkey, working days are from Monday to Friday. Most of the banks, government offices and the majority of private companies are open between the hours of 09:00 and 17:00.

Food-Beverage : Turkish food is known as healthyanddelicious. (Formoreinfoyou can lookupFood&Beveragessection)

NationalHolidays : There are two types of holidays in Turkey. The first one is national holidays which are held on the same day every year (Such as 1 January, 23 April, 1 May, 30 August, 19 May, 29 October) and theother one is religious holidays which are held on different days every year accordingly to lunar calendar.

Water : Tap water is perfectly safe to drink.

Electricity : 220V. Standard European type double plug is used.

Health Services : There are international private hospitals and highquality state hospitals in the cities and main touristic towns.

Visa : The foreigners visiting Turkey or travelling as a tourist can obtain a visa at the bordergates or from theTurkish embassies in other countries. Some people may be eligibleto be exempted from visa depending  to thetype of the passport they hold. However, if the purpose of the travel is education, research or work, it is an obligation to have an "annotate dvisa" that should be obtained at theTurkish Embassiesor Consulates in the country of origin.

Communication Services: There are 3 GSM operators which have approximately 95% of coverage area and each has 3G services. Internet access is available across thecountry.

International phonecode : +90